"Everyone must stay home in all circumstances", Irish Taoiseach Leo Varadkar said on Friday as he announced that the country would from midnight be under a total lockdown until April 12.
The announcement in Ireland came as Italy reported a new grim record in the COVID-19 pandemic on Friday, with over 900 deaths in one day, surpassing Spain, which recorded 769 deaths.
919 people died in 24 hours in Italy on Friday, to which were added 50 deaths from the Piedmont region that Italy said it forgot to report in its official death toll on Thursday.
The Italian death toll has reached 9,134 and the country recorded a total of 86,498 confirmed cases while in Spain, the second hardest-hit county in Europe, the death toll has reached 4,858, with a total of 64,059 confirmed cases in the country.
Over in the UK, both Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Health Minister Matt Hancock revealed on Friday that they had tested positive for the disease.
The UK announced 181 new deaths on Friday, taking its total to 759. The country counted 14,543 confirmed cases of coronavirus.
Meanwhile, the US became the first country in the world to report more than 100,000 confirmed cases on Friday, according to a count kept by the John Hopkins University - 18,000 of which were reported on Friday alone.
The US also announced that 345 people had died from the novel coronavirus in 24 hours - a record for the country - with a total death toll of 1,475.
In terms of fatalities, the US still remains far behind China (3,169) - where the virus originated - as well as Spain and Italy.
The global total of confirmed cases was pushed over half a million on Thursday.
France on Friday announced that its lockdown will be extended until 15 April.
Belgium followed suit, extending its own lockdown for two weeks, from 5 to 19 April.
Spain has extended its state of emergency for two more weeks to allow the government to extend stringent lockdown measures in a desperate attempt to contain the coronavirus.
A vaccine is still months away, says WHO
The World Health Organization (WHO) chief Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said on Friday that the world must "stay calm", as COVID-19 coronavirus cases topped 560,000 worldwide.
"We must fight, unite, ignite", Dr. Ghebreyesus said. "Fight with every resource at our disposal. Unite because we are one humanity, we can only fight together. And ignite the industrial mind and innovation of G20 countries to produce and distribute the tools needed to save lives."
He said that a COVID-19 vaccine is "still 12 to 18 months away".
Earlier in the week, the UK confirmed the death of the deputy to the British ambassador to Hungary, Steven Dick, 37, of COVID-19.
A healthy 16-year-old girl died of coronavirus in France on Thursday.
The Moody’s credit rating agency said it is forecasting an economic recession for all G20 countries in 2020, while United Nations director-general Antonio Guterres said coronavirus "threatens the whole of humanity."France organises its "war economy"
The French government published 25 decrees on Wednesday to implement new measures under the country’s "state of health emergency", declared last week.
The measures include a €1 billion fund for small businesses and self-employed people, as well as financial aid for the travel sector, and systems put in place to pay salaries to the workers whose jobs have been stopped under the lockdown.
The French government has also published measures to temporarily adapt the French labour law to create a "real war economy", Philippe said: businesses will be temporarily allowed to make employees work longer hours, or work nights or Sundays as needed.
"We will face a long effort, together," the French PM Edouard Philippe told the parliament.
"The health crisis is here, but it will also become an economic and social crisis. We are only at the beginning."
Meanwhile over 225,000 people have been fined in France for violating lockdown rules, the French Interior minister said on Thursday.Record number of Americans apply for unemployment benefits
More than 3.2 million Americans filed for unemployment benefits last week, according to the country’s labour department. That is more than four times the previous record which was 695,000 Americans in October of 1982, the department said.
The US now has the third most cases in the world with nearly 70,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus. The country of 327 million recorded more than 1,000 deaths according to two separate counts of the toll.
A World Health Organization spokesperson said on Tuesday that the United States had the "potential" to become the new epicentre of the pandemic, due to a "very large acceleration" in infections.
US President Trump meanwhile said he wanted to get the country "reopened" by Easter on April 12.
Finland, which has 880 confirmed cases of coronavirus and has reported three deaths, announced on Wednesday the lockdown of the capital Helsinki and its region, starting Friday until 19 April.
UN launches humanitarian response plan
The UN is launching a $2 billion (€1.85 billion) plan to develop a humanitarian response to COVID-19 in the poorest countries.
The plan was launched in tandem with the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF to support vulnerable communities in the world.
The UN secretary-general appealed to governments to support the initiative financially.
"If we do not act decisively now, I fear that the virus will establish a foothold in the most fragile of countries, leaving the world more vulnerable as it continues to circle the planet," Antonio Guterres said.
"While COVID-19 is a threat to people everywhere, what’s most worrying is the danger the virus poses to people already affected by crisis," said WHO director-general Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, talking about those displaced by conflict and climate or those living in poverty.
Meanwhile, UNICEF executive director Henrietta Fore spoke about how COVID-19 had upended the lives of children who cannot go to school.
"Children are the hidden victims of this pandemic," she said, pointing out that some children do not have basic hygiene services or access to online learning to continue their education.
Governments step in to rescue economies
The US has responded to the growing number of coronavirus cases there with the largest economic rescue in history. Politicians agreed a €1.85 trillion pandemic response package to help businesses, workers and the health care system. The move comes as the economy in the US moves towards a recession.
The Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said it was "a wartime level of investment into our nation". The bill still needs to be signed off by President Donald Trump. The rescue package is larger than the 2008 bank bailout and 2009 recovery act.
The legislation surprisingly put Democrats and Republicans on the same side of the political field, with both Obama’s Secretary of State John Kerry and President Donald Trump taking to twitter to denounce a congressman who said he would not vote for the bill.
A European stimulus of €750 billion was announced last week that will allow the European Central Bank to buy government and private company debt to help the economy during the outbreak.
Drastic action around the world
Case numbers in countries with fragile health care systems are rising, and governments are taking drastic action to avoid the sort of crises currently being experienced in western European countries and the United States.
Virus cases in South Africa rose to 709 as the country got ready to go on lockdown on Friday. New Zealand declared an emergency ahead of an unprecedented lockdown which begins on Wednesday.
And India announced a 21-day total lockdown in the country of 1.3 billion people - the most sweeping effort yet to stop the transmission of COVID-19.
"To save India and every Indian, there will be a total ban on venturing out of your homes," Prime Minister Narendra Modi said.
There are just over 500 cases of the virus in the country, according to a tally maintained by researchers at Johns Hopkins University.